Clay, WV Profile: Facts & Data


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Clay, West Virginia - Basic Facts

The Town of Clay had a population of 401 as of July 1, 2023.

The primary coordinate point for Clay is located at latitude 38.4604 and longitude -81.0851 in Clay County. The formal boundaries for the Town of Clay encompass a land area of 0.56 sq. miles and a water area of 0.06 sq. miles. Clay County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5).

The Town of Clay has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Town of Clay is located within District B, a minor civil division (MCD) of Clay County.

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  1. Clay 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Clay (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. West Virginia Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. West Virginia Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Clay, WV Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 401 (100%)
Population in Households 401 (100.0%)
Population in Families 312 (77.8%)
Population in Group Quarters1 0
Population Density 719
Diversity Index2 12


Median Household Income $29,015
Average Household Income $43,210
% of Income for Mortgage4 21%
Per Capita Income $17,457
Wealth Index5 28
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Low (35.1)


Total HU (Housing Units) 222 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 123 (55.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 39 (17.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 60 (27.0%)
Median Home Value $102,344
Average Home Value $201,829
Housing Affordability Index3 125


Total Households 162
Average Household Size 2.48
Family Households 101
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 0.39% -0.35%
Households 1.57% 0.00%
Families   -0.40%
Median Household Income   3.45%
Per Capita Income   2.34%
Owner Occupied HU   0.48%

Clay, WV - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Clay to the other 439 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in West Virginia by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 255 42nd
Population Density # 200 55th
Median Household Income # 400 9th
Housing Affordability Index # 121 28th
Per Capita Income # 415 6th
Diversity Index # 277 37th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE West Virginia Census Data Comparison Tool.

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