Charleston, WV Profile: Facts & Data

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Charleston, West Virginia - Basic Facts

The City of Charleston is the largest city in West Virginia with a population of 49,628 as of July 1, 2019. Charleston ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in West Virginia. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Charleston is located at latitude 38.3498 and longitude -81.6326 in Kanawha County. The formal boundaries for the City of Charleston encompass a land area of 31.5 sq. miles and a water area of 1.14 sq. miles. Kanawha County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 597 feet.

The City of Charleston (GNIS ID: 2390575) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Charleston is located within District 1, a minor civil division (MCD) of Kanawha County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Charleston: Charles Town, Charleston-on-the-Kanawha, Charlestown, Clendenins Fort, Clendenins Settlement, Clendenin's Settlement, Fort Clendennin, Fort Lee, Kanawha, Kanawha Court House, Mouth of Elk, The Town at the Mouth of Elk.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Charleston 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Charleston (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. West Virginia Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. West Virginia Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Charleston, WV Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Charleston, WV Housing Affordability Index is 126
State of West Virginia Housing Affordability Index is 182
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Charleston, WV Wealth Index is 88
State of West Virginia Wealth Index is 64
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for Neighborhoods, Cities, Counties, and ZIP Codes.

More Tools and Resources:

  1. For information about schools and school attendance zones, use the HTL Address Tool
  2. Our new HTL Neighborhood Explorer provides lots of detail about any neighborhood.
  3. The new 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  4. See the References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.
  5. See the West Virginia COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.

POPULATION

Total Population 49,628
Population in Households 47,945
Population in Families 33,926
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,683
Population Density 1,575
Diversity Index1 40
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $42,012
Average Household Income $72,192
Per Capita Income $33,448
Wealth Index3 88

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 26,279 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 12,327 (46.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 10,299 (39.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 3,653 (13.9%)
Median Home Value $170,618
Housing Affordability Index2 126
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 22,626
Average Household Size 2.12
Family Households 11,880
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  2. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  3. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population -0.38% -0.66%
Households -0.39% -0.68%
Families -0.62% -0.85%
Median Household Income   1.86%
Per Capita Income   2.07%

Charleston, WV - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Charleston to the other 404 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in West Virginia by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 90 78th
Diversity Index # 16 96th
Median Household Income # 167 59th
Per Capita Income # 28 93rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE West Virginia Census Data Comparison Tool.

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